Job Search Resources

Online resources will inform and complement your face-to-face career research and job search activities such as informational interviews, conference participation, and mentorships.

Your career center and faculty may be able to direct you to many online resources related to your areas of interest and expertise, in addition to those below. Be sure to visit and use the resources of the University Career Center that serves your program.  For a listing of Career Services offices, visit (

GoldPASS ( is the University of Minnesota’s official online job, internship and resume posting system.  In it you’ll find opportunities in all sectors: government, non-profit and business.

International Students: Some employers indicate in GoldPASS that they do not hire people on non-immigrant visas. However, some of these same employers have and do hire non-immigrants. You should consider directly contacting the department of the employer where you would like to work to get the official information.

Questions to Guide Your Job Search:

  • Is one employment sector a better fit than another for my skill set and expertise, values, professional goals?
  • Have I utilized the full complement of job search strategies (networking, informational interviewing, professional journals and associations, and online resources) to connect me to individuals and opportunities?

Specific Occupational Sectors:

A. Government
Within the next five to ten years, it is predicted that 50% of current federal, state, and local government employees will reach retirement age. This "graying" of government employees will create employment opportunities in all 50 states and hundreds of countries around the world where the federal government currently employs civilians. These positions will include opportunities for professional degree candidates as well as master's and PhD degree holders.  Many government agencies also have internship and fellowship programs for graduate students.

Resources to get you started:

Federal Positions:

*USAJOBS ( is the official job site of the United States government

*A-Z Index of U.S. Government Departments and Agencies (

*Making the Difference (, a resource for students about federal internships and employment.

*”Where to Find Your Job in the Federal Government” article (

*“Applying for Federal Jobs” online workshop (

*Presidential Management Fellowship ( information

International Students: Some federal jobs are closed to non-immigrant visa holders, but many are open. Contact the employer or their Human Resources office to see if you can apply.

State and Local Positions:

ISEEK  ( – Internet System for Education and Employment Knowledge.

Minnesota WorkForce Centers (

State of Minnesota – Department of Employee Relations,

Association of Minnesota Counties (

League of Minnesota Cities (

B. Non-Profit Agencies and Organizations

Nonprofit organizations provide many challenging and meaningful employment opportunities for professional school, master's, and PhD graduates. Many top-level management, research, writing, public policy, technology, and legal employment opportunities exist in nonprofit organizations.

To increase your awareness and knowledge of nonprofits, explore the websites listed below. You may also attend the university-wide nonprofit career fair held each spring semester (for more information about this career fair, please visit For information about other UMN career fairs, please visit

Resources to get you started: (

Guidestar (

Riley Guide: Nonprofits, Foundations, & Think Tanks (

Management Assistance Program for Nonprofits (MAP) (

Minnesota Council of Nonprofits (

U of M Library “Trade and Professional Associations” reference resource (

State and Regional Trade and Professional Associations, (published annually), Columbia Books

*Be sure to visit and use the resources of the University Career Center that serves your program.  For a listing of Career Services offices (

C. Business and Industry

“Business and industry” is a broad category of employers comprised of for-profit organizations. Many larger business and industry employers recruit professional school, masters, and PhD graduates or candidates directly from universities. Check with your program office and career services center to learn about up-coming career events, and possible on-campus recruiting visits by business and industry employers during the fall and spring semesters.

Resources to get you started:

Business Reference Wilson Library ( for articles, databases with which to do company and industry research, resources about international business

Be sure to visit and use the resources of the University Career Center that serves your program.  For a listing of Career Services offices (

International Students: Utilize the H1B database search ( and search for employers who hire H1B visa holders.

D. International

International study and work abroad can be career and life enhancing. International career-related opportunities exist for both US citizens and non-US citizens. Consider international internships, practicum, field experiences, research, employment and/or study-abroad opportunities.

International students should go to for specific career advice.

Resources to get you started:

University of Minnesota Learning Abroad Center (LAC) (

Scholarships and fellowships for study and research abroad (Office of International Programs ( and Interdisciplinary Center for the Study of Global Change (ICGC)(

Be sure to visit and use the resources of the University Career Center that serves your program.  For a listing of Career Services offices (