Finland

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RECOMMENDATION

Expect an average of Good. If there is a thesis grade, look for an average of cum laude approbatur.

GRADING SYSTEM

2.5 to 3

Excellent

 

2- to 2+

Good

 

1 to 1.5

Satisfactory

 

0 to 1

Fail

 
 

      OR

 

5

Excellent

 

4

Very Good

 

3

Good

 

2

Very Satisfactory

 

1

Satisfactory

 
     

THESIS GRADE

 

US EQUIVALENT

Laudator (highest)

Praiseworthy

A

Eximi cum laude approbatur

With exceedingly great approval

A

Magna cum laude approbatur

With great praise approved

B

Cum laude approbatur

With praise approved

B

Lubenter approbatur

Satisfactorily approved

C

Approbatur

Approved

D

A Diploma Supplement is available for students after they receive a degree.  The Diploma Supplement will usually show ECTS (European Credit Transfer System) grades, and grades in the particular country’s grading scale.

ECTS grades:

A

Top 10% of the cohort

B

Next 25%

C

Next 30%

D

Next 25%

E

Next 10%

ECTS credits (European Credit Transfer System) – US schools cut these back by half.

DEGREES

Kandidaat/Candidate, 3 – 4.5 years.

Diplomi-inisoori/Diplomingenjor/Degree of Engineer, 4.5 years - comparable to US bachelor’s.

Maisterin/Master, 2 years – comparable to US master’s.

Tekniikan tohtore/Teknologie dokorsexamen -  comparable to US PhD.

Filosofian tohtori/Doctor of Philosophy -  comparable to US PhD.