English Language Proficiency (ESL) Information
Applicants whose native language is not English (including US Citizens) must provide proof of English language proficiency as a condition of admission, in the form of either a TOEFL, IELTS or MELAB exam occurring within the last 2 years. Operational minimum scores are as follows; though individual programs may set higher requirements.
|Test Type||Operational Minimum Score (individual programs may have different requirements)|
|TOEFL||79 total score with subscores of 21 for writing and 19 for reading.|
|IELTS||6.5 total score with subscores of 6.5 for both writing and reading sections.|
The following exceptions to the proficiency exam requirement are generally accepted; however individual programs may set stricter requirements.
English Speaking Countries:
Applicants from certain English-speaking countries and regions may not need to take a proficiency exam. Applicants from certain other countries may have their English proficiency assessed when they arrive in Minnesota. See the TOEFL Exemption list PDF document for details.
Post-secondary education in the United States or other English-speaking country:
Applicants who have completed 16 semester (24 quarter) credits within the past 24 months in residence as a full-time student at a recognized or accredited post-secondary institution in the US (or other English-speaking country) may be exempted from the proficiency exam requirement.
Programs may request a waiver of proof of English proficiency for an individual applicant. Details are available here: TOEFL waiver form
Official Test Scores
- TOEFL scores are sent electronically to the University of Minnesota upon applicant request. More information about this process is available here: Locating applicants' official TOEFL scores (PDF Tutorial)
- IELTS and MELAB do not offer electronic score delivery. Applicants should request paper scores be sent directly to the Office of Graduate Admssions mailing address
- TOEFL Score Comparison Tables on the ETS website provide a comparison of TOEFL and IELTS scores
- TOEFL Online Speech Sample Service now offers the ability to listen to a sample of spoken English online. For more information, read ETS' Speech Sample Frequently Asked Questions document; or contact Dean Tsantir (firstname.lastname@example.org)
- Official TOEFL scores for current applicants: This one-page tutorial briefly describes the ETS electronic score load process: